African Origin of Civilization Myth or Reality
by Cheikh Anta Diop
In Chapter Nine,
The common beginning of all Africans on the globe is revealed. The media and those that have conquered us tried to disconnect us. They want us to believe we have different beginnings to serve their ultimate goals of divide and conquer. It is very normal for African, Black Americans, Carribean and Afro-Latinx to be pitted against each other. Because our unity would reverse everything overnight. Therefore there's a benefit in our dysfunction and disconnection from each other.
Among many, ''west Africans legends report that Blacks migrated from the east, from the region of the Great water.'' (Diop., page 179). The Greater water referred here is the Nile river. West African people migrated from the Nile Valley and settled in West Africa. We have many things in common linguistically, culturally and spiritually. In this chapter, the similarities were highlighted and have been kept in our cultures.
A great example of migration, ''for people living south of the Nile, traditions suggest that they came from the north; this is true of the Batutsi of Rwanda-Urundi.'' (Diop., page 179). The Batustsi or Tutsi are the descendants of the Anu that migrated from North Africa and settled in East Africa. This folklore is intact with historical findings. The Tutsi are Nilotes from the Great Lakes.
Nubians and Egyptians have asserted that ''he is the man who comes down to Sennar which, no doubt, is the plain located between the White Nile and the Blue Nile, point of departure for the Meroitic Sudanese Civilizations.'' (Diop., page 180). Here the founders of the Nubian, Kushite and Egyptian dynasties have always asserted their origin story of being from the same Great Lakes. Herodotus 2,500 years ago, in explanation of ''pygmies were probably the first to occupy the interior of the continent.'' (Diop., page 181) meaning that, ''they settle there prior to the arrival of larger Blacks.'' (Diop., page 181). I assume based on this information that of the mixing of pygmies and the Anu (the larger Blacks) population that came from North Africa produced the continent. The Anu went on to become the Nahasi (Diop., page 46) of east Africa, in particular, the Egyptian dynastic rule.
The Yoruba people of West Africa the, ''Ra survives among the Yoruba with his Egyptian name: Rara. Luca cites the word I-RA-WO, which designates the star that accompanies the rising sun.'' (Diop., page 185). It is also within their cultural narrative that they came from East Africa. The name Yoruba is explained from the following, ''we get YE + RPA = Yoruba, which would probably mean '' the living Rpa or the creator of Rpa.'' (Diop., page 186). I assume the name Bari (Diop., page 188) is retained by the Bari of South Sudan is connected to Egypt since they are part of the Nile Valley civilizations.
The Origin of Toucouleur (Tukulor) of Senegal,
''Like the other populations that constitute the Negro people, the Toucouleur came from the Nile basin, the region called the ''Anglo-Egyptian'' Sudan. This is proved by the fact that today in that region, among the Nuer, we find the typical totemic names of the Toucouleur who live on the banks of the Senegal River, thousands of kilometres away.'' (. (Diop., page 191-192).
The Nuer (Naath/Nahas), Batutsi (Tutsi), Bari, Toucouleur (Tukulor), and Yoruba to name a few. Show the east and west connection in Africa. We are truly one people that started in east Africa along the Nile and migrated outwards in many directions. There are many reasons as to why people migrate but their ancestral beginnings are always the same regardless of how far they move. In decolonizing the African mind this truth must be accepted by all. The inferiority or superiority of African tribes must cease to exist against each other. We are one people. We need to de-tribalize our society and embrace the vision of pan-Africanism as in becoming one people with one vision on the continent of Africa.
Nyabuoy Gatbel is a South Sudanese Canadian currently living in Calgary, AB. She was born in Ethiopia in 1993 and moved to Canada as a refugee in 2002. She's currently a undergraduate student at the University of Calgary. Besides her studies she's a social entreprenuer focusing on the, ''Paarman Centre project,'' a fashion model, writer and author of the book, ''The Fire Within poetry in Thok Nath and English.''